Australia

  • Population | 20,266,899 (2007)
  • Area | 7,686,850 sq. km.
  • Life Expectancy | 80.62 years
  • Capital | Canberra (323,056)
  • Other Major Economic Centres | Sydney, New South Wales (4,119,190), Melbourne Victoria (3,592,591)
  • Language | English
  • Time Zone | (Various) UTC +8 to +10.5, Summer UTC +8 to +11.5
  • Internet TLD | .au
  • Calling Code | +61
  • Climate | Generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in the north
  • Currency | Australian Dollar (AUD) | US$1 = AUD$ 0.90 Approx (as at 01/10) | 461 CLP = AUD$1 Approx (as at 01/10)
  • Fiscal Year | 1 July - 30 June
  • GDP (Nominal) 2008 | US$980.8 billion (17th)
  • GDP (Nominal) Per Capita 2008 | US$46.800 (13th)
  • GDP Real Growth Rate | 2.3% (2008)
  • Export Commodities | Coal, gold, meat, wool, alumina, iron ore, wheat, machinery and transport equipment
  • Exports | $156 billion (2007)
  • Import Commodities | Machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products
  • Imports | $167.7 billion (2007)
  • Trade | Export Australia - Chile US$256 millions (2007)
  • Unemployment Rate | 4.2% (2008 est.)
  • Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices) | 4.3% (2008)
  • Human Development Index (HDI) (2009) | 0.970 (4th)
  • Political System | Federal parliamentary democracy (federal constitutional monarchy)
  • Governing Party | The Liberal Party of Australia
  • Head of State | Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
  • Governor-General | Ms. Quintin Bryce AC
  • Prime Minister | Julia Gillard
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